Dandruff, also known as seborrheic dermatitis, is a condition in which the scalp sheds too much dead skin cells relatively faster than the normal. It is normal for the skin’s integumentary system shed off dead skin cells but it lasts for a longer period, in which the shed skin is not noticeable.The dead skin cells come off as scaly, yellowish-white flakes that can be very visible especially in severe cases. They may also appear on the eyebrows, beard and ears as the problem spreads on other parts of the body.
The condition is caused by a certain type of fungus which grows in the scalp. Other than that, dandruff can also be caused by excessive oil secretion by the skin’s epidermal layer and certain type of yeast infection. Some specialists also associate the occurrence of dandruff to stress, fatigue, too much sweating, poor hygiene and genetics. Dandruff may also be an implication of another chronic disease especially to those with extreme cases.
Although dandruff may be a harmless condition, it is one of the most frustrating disorders because its treatment is uncertain. At times, when scalp becomes itchy and unbearable it can become a hygienic dilemma to the patient as it results to too much scratching. It is highly unhygienic to scratch head especially in public places. Some shampoos like ketoconazole and anti-fungal brands may ease off the occurrence but it does not guarantee the total elimination of the condition. It is a recurring situation that differs from one person to another, depending on the severity of the case. Sometimes, its occurrence depend on the weather as for some people, it gets worse during the winter.
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When the case becomes increasingly unbearable, it is best to seek medical help. Dermatologists and experts can help provide the suitable medication for the situation. Sometimes, the effect of dandruff on a person can lead to other consequences such as hair loss. Worse, it may also be a symptom for an impending disease that might not be recognized. Hence, professional help can give aide to alleviate further exacerbating the problem.
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