Head lice is one of the most common communicable diseases for school children, with a popular head lice treatment the head lice comb, also called a “nit comb.” An extremely contagious disease, head lice can be easily spread through direct contact and sharing of personal belongings.
The little head lice are tiny wingless parasitic insects, unable to jump or fly due to their short stumpy legs. Once an infestation takes over in a child’s head, eyebrows or eyelashes, there is an excellent chance the entire family or classroom will become quickly exposed. This is because head lice thrives in overcrowded and warm tight areas.
Once a person develops head lice, the situation can become extremely itchy with red irritating bumps. Unfortunately, head lice have always been associated with filth, dirt or having a low social status – none of which is true.
Head lice can survive by biting into the human scalp and living on the blood they find, able to live up to 30 days in this environment. The head lice comb helps remove and control the lice once they get started. They need to be individually removed along with the nits – the little eggs that are laid by the adult lice.
The most common locations they hang out are around the ears and neck with the tiny yellow, brown or tan nits laid at the base of each follicle. Once they hatch out, they will be white or transparent until they begin feeding on human blood in the scalp. At this point they will turn reddish in color.
To remove head lice along with its eggs, the hair needs to be damp or wet in order for the head lice comb to work best. Separate each section of the hair as if it were being cut. Comb each section of hair from one end to another, beginning with the base area next to the scalp – very slowly and thoroughly while watching for small particles that look as if they don’t belong and may be moving, cleaning or wiping the comb thoroughly after every pass.
Continue each section again and again until the head lice comb comes out clean. Do each section this way, step by step while watching for eggs (nits) and moving lice every comb through.
This combing process will need to be repeated from one to a week-and-a-half apart, which is when the head lice’s eggs will hatch out again from those that were missed. The eggs that hatch will remain attached to the hair shaft until it disintegrates, lasting from a couple of months up to year in duration. Head lice shampoo should be used with the head lice comb in order to kill the head lice that were missed in the combing process. One head lice egg that is missed will be the start of a new batch of head lice infestations. For this reason, the head lice comb is the first line of defense to control them.
The flea lice combs can be found online or locally through medical departments in stores and pharmacies. Metal head lice combs with long teeth finely spaced apart are the best ones to use. They will not only get the adult head lice but also their eggs. To keep the comb safe from adult head lice living in it, the teeth of the comb and its handle should have a closed space in order to seal it closed.
There are plastic lice combs available at lower prices, but they are not made powerful enough to pull both lice and eggs off the individual’s hair shafts. However, many people still use them by simply taking more swipes through the hair and observing carefully for remaining lice or nits. Some people even use tweezers on the eyebrows or eyelashes, but they are difficult to use on the head of hair as the lice or nit has to be openly observed before they can be pulled off. Sometimes this cannot always be successful due to the transparent color of new lice when they first begin to hatch out. The human eye cannot always find them.
Another popular item for the removal of head lice is the electric head lice comb, developed as an alternative for medicated shampoos and pesticides. Able to run on one AA battery, the electric head lice comb is able to destroy lice through their detection in dry human hair. The electric teeth zap the lice when they come into contact with them, killing them instantly – the dead bodies are then removed through combing. A much safer tool to use than chemical treatments for head lice, the electric head lice comb can be stored for future infestations, an investment well spent